Try to be as specific as possible. This kind of approach should be defended by comparing with other methods and denying those that do not meet the needs of your study. This section should not be structured as a simple textbook-like description of different research designs, but rather focused on the effort to find the most rational design appropriate to your study. Base this section on the problem you investigate, the theoretical framework of a study, and its purpose.
Include sufficient details to suggest some recommendations about the answers to the core research questions. The main aim of this section is to convince the reader that the chosen approach and research design is maximum appropriate for the desired results. This section should explicate the type of research design you use historical, correlational, phenomenological, etc. Also, one should justify and demonstrate deviations from the steps necessary to complete the research design.
Include a description of the independent variables and dependent variables. The dependent one is a response that is influenced by the independent treatment. Thus, if you are performing a qualitative study, there are no independent and dependent variables. The research design should establish a strong sequence of the events in a research process.
The size of this section depends on the number of experiments performed and results expected. So, the detailed explanation of each method and point should be documented.
Include the following elements:. Summarize all you have written in the last part of this section. The last paragraph should include a short explanation of data analysis.
Conclude it with a sentence that would introduce the next chapter of your dissertation. Cool article with much useful information. This may look like this:. Your university might not have a standard for a copyright page. If this is the case, you could put here the names of your supervisor s and evaluation committee members instead.
On the dedication page the author names the person s for whom the book is written. It is for the author to decide whether to have a dedication or not. It is not necessary to identify the person s to whom the work is dedicated.
Examples of a dedication are:. Patribus a pueris semper parendum est. The epigraph is a short quotation or a poem, which usually serves to link the book to other, usually well-known, published works. The source of the quotation is given on the line following the epigraph and is usually aligned right, often preceded by a dash.
The table of contents should contain the title and beginning page number of everything that follows it: If some chapter titles are too long, consider choosing alternative short titles to be used in the table of contents. Do not include the contents in the table of contents unless you want to make a joke. The list of illustrations contains all illustrations in the dissertation and the page numbers where they can be found.
If there are various kinds of illustrations, the list can be divided into parts, such as Figures, Maps , etc. The titles of the illustrations need not correspond exactly to the captions printed with the illustrations themselves; you can use shortened titles.
The list of Illustrations is usually titled simply Illustrations , but appears as List of Illustrations in the table of contents. A list of tables usually titled just Tables but entered in the table of contents as List of Tables contains all tables and their page numbers.
The titles of the tables may be shortened if needed. The abstract includes a concise description of the thesis — the problems discussed in it and their proposed solution. The abstract must focus on the result of the scientific investigation, rather than giving the background and methodology for the investigation. This is why people read the abstract: The abstract is a self-contained text and should not contain references. If this is needed, then you can include the whole reference in the abstract.
The abstract is best written towards the end of the dissertation writing process. The abstract will be the most widely read and published part of your thesis: In the acknowledgement you thank the people who have contributed to your doctoral degree by providing academic supervision, administrative support, food and shelter, friendship, etc. First and foremost, you should thank your main supervisor, followed by the co-supervisor s and the people who have helped you shape your academic profile.
It is a good idea to thank the administrative staff at the Faculty, who will have most likely helped you sort out some problems during your postgraduate studies.
You can then continue with thanking your close colleagues, friends, spouse, kids, parents, and optionally God. The acknowledgements are the only place in the dissertation where you may reveal personal information about yourself and your life. It is less formal than the rest of the dissertation and can include jokes, sentences in foreign language, etc. Keep in mind though that a lot of people who do not know you personally will read this part, so you should not be too personal and revealing.
It is a good idea to prepare a list of people to include in the acknowledgements before one has started writing them. You can begin with this list months before you submit your dissertation; stick a post-it note on your desk and add the names of people to thank as you remember them. The acknowledgements of a dissertation are the only part that everyone will read I believe that by the end of a defense event, everybody in the audience has read the acknowledgements in the dissertation copy before them.
Make time to write it well and include all people you want to thank to. Be aware that the acknowledgements of your dissertation can form the basis for the selection of your defense committee. Sometimes, the author may need to add a list of the transliterations used in the book. This is best done in the front matter and can include a table specifying the conversion of each symbol of the source alphabet into a symbol of the target alphabet.
The list of abbreviation contains all the abbreviations used in the body text of the dissertation, listed in an alphabetical order. If the list is less than a page, it can be places on the left-hand page next to the first page of text.
The body matter contains the main text of the dissertation. It is commonly divided into chapters, which are often but not necessarily of approximately the same length. Each chapter title should provide a reasonable clue to the contents of the chapter. Choose short title chapters; in case this is not possible, consider having shorter versions to be used in the Table of Contents and as running heads.
The Introduction often includes a literature overview, where the author provides short summaries of works relevant for the topic. The goal with this exercise is twofold: The exact structure of the middle chapters may vary, depending on the scientific field. Dissertations in other fields may include one or more chapters on the theory and data. In some dissertations, the middle chapters are journal articles where the doctoral candidate is a first author.
This model has certain disadvantages. Firstly, the dissertation cannot be easily published as a book later on. It summarizes the conclusions of the scientific investigation, the solutions to the problems stated in the beginning, suggestions for future research, and practical implications of the findings. This chapter should be relatively short and preferably written in a way that it can stand alone.
Avoid copy-pasting sentences from the Abstract and the Introduction. Long chapters can be divided into sections, which can be further divided into subsections and sub-subsections. When a chapter is divided in sections, there should be at least two of them. Just one section in a chapter is illogical and asymmetric — you should not have any sections at all in such case.
The same applies to subsections and sub-subsections. Numbering the sections and subsections in a chapter provides an easy way for cross-referencing.
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The title of the thesis or dissertation in all capital letters and centered 2″ below the top of the page. Your name, centered 1″ below the title.
This Study Guide addresses the task of writing a dissertation. It aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing, and to support you in its successful completion. in which order, and what kind of material is expected in each; the kind of content appropriate to place in the appendices rather than in. Printable Order Form; ProQuest’s Dissertation Hotline: ; Dissertations and theses are generally available in your choice of formats: unbound paper, softbound paper, hardbound paper, microfilm, and microfiche. We custom-make copies from the microfilm masters in our vaults when we receive orders, so dissertations and theses .
Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title. If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the accession or order number at the end of the reference. A Complete Dissertation The Big Picture OVERVIEW Following is a road map that briefly outlines the contents of an entire dissertation. This is DISSERTATION CHAPTERS Order and format of dissertation chapters may vary by institution and department. 1. Introduction 2. Literature review 3. Methodology 4. Findings.